RELATIONSHIP BEHAVIORAL FACTORS WITH PREVENTION OF PULMONARY TB DISEASE (Case Study in the Working Area of Sedati Public Health Center, Sidoarjo Regency in 2022)
Keywords:attitude, knowledge, prevention of pulmonary TB disease transmission
Pulmonary TB is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that attacks the lungs. In 2021, the Sedati Health Center became the health center with the highest cases in Sidoarjo Regency with 115 patients. The lack of efforts to prevent the transmission of pulmonary TB disease is the cause of the high incidence of pulmonary TB in the working area of the Sedati Health Center.This study aims to determinethe relationship between behavioral factors and efforts to prevent the transmission of pulmonary TB disease. This type of research was analytical research with a Cross-Sectional. The research sample taken was BTA+ patients using simple random sampling. Data analysis usesexact Fisher to determine the relationship between variables and the dependent variable. The result of 45 respondents shows that 68.9% had good knowledge, and 31.1% less. The attitude of the respondents with the results of positive attitude was 73.3% and a negative 26.7%. adequate facilities and infrastructure to prevent transmission are 68,9% and the inadequate ones are 31.1%.Family support was supportedby 77.8% and was not supportedby 22.2%. Efforts to prevent transmission of pulmonary TB were good at 66,7%, and 33,3% less. This research concludes that there is a relationship between relationship knowledge, attitudes, facilities and infrastructure, and family support with efforts to prevent transmission of pulmonary TB disease. It is recommended to facilitate air exchange in a home environment by adding ventilation to keep the house from being humid.