The Changing of Age Trend DHF Incidence in the Tanjungpinang City: a 6-year Secondary Data Analysis
Keywords:Dengue, Age, Incidence, Tanjungpinang
Children are the most common age group suffering from Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF). However, in the last few decades, observations of changes in the age distribution of DHF cases have been observed in most countries both in Southeast Asia and Latin America. Tanjungpinang City is an endemic area of DHF and there is no specific research that describes the pattern of DHF incidence based on age and gender. This type of research was a descriptive observational study with a retrospective time approach. Research variables include characteristics of people, characteristics of places, and characteristics of the time of occurrence of DHF. The data source was secondary data from the Tanjungpinang City Health Office with the period for recording DHF cases from January 2013 to December 2019. Data analysis used descriptive analysis methods, namely narratively analyzing data, and visualizing data using tables and graphs. In the 2014-2019 age trend in Tanjungpinang City and also in East Tanjungpinang District, the highest cases were dominated by the age range of 5-9 years and then 10-14 years. However, in the last 2 or 3 years, there is a tendency to increase cases in the age group of 15 years and over, although in the age group under 15 the cases are still high. Trends in the incidence of DHF that occurred in the Pinang Kencana Village, East Tanjungpinang District, showed a tendency for most cases to be female. The results of this study can be input for controlling the DHF program, especially to increase awareness of increasing cases through routine eradication of mosquito nests.